Longstreets and hill s units formed the confederate right and center flanks to the west of antietam creek, while jacksons and brigadier general john g. Antietam timeline, part 2 antietam national battlefield. President abraham lincoln saw the significance of this and issued the famous emancipation proclamation on september 22, 1862. Battle of antietam breaks out beginning early on the morning of september 17, 1862, confederate and union troops in the civil war clash near marylands antietam creek in the bloodiest single day. Battle of antietam sharpsburg timeline september 17th, 1862 the battle of antietam sharpsburg saw a much larger union force claim the strategic victory though the battle as a whole was deemed tactically inconclusive. Sept 1862 summary shows the area between keedysville, md. Antietam was the bloodiest singleday battle in american history, and the union victory there led to the emancipation proclamation.
However, the unions failure to muster a fullscale attack in the morning allowed the confederates to bring up reinforcements. The next day brady sent two of his assistant photographers, alexander gardner and james f. The battle took place in maryland near the town of sharpsburg and antietam creek. Lee would be needed to keep the southern army alive. The period addressed in the series begins during the civil war and spans. Timeline about heart of the civil war heritage area. Major battles civil war timeline timetoast timelines. Union losses numbered 2,108 killed, 9,540 wounded, and 753 capturedmissing while the confederates suffered 1,546 killed, 7,752 wounded, and 1,018 capturedmissing.
Antietam september 1862 civil war 150 pinhole project. Lees army of northern virginia, in an effort to relieve pressureon the virginia countryside, marched north in a largely improvised invasion ofthe north. Antietam timeline, part 2 antietam national battlefield u. The battle of antietam was fought on september 17, 1862 between the union and the confederacy during the civil war. Civil war history, heritage tourism, and maryland travel, vacations, and national parks. Over 23000 men fell as casualties in the oneday battle of antietam, making it the bloodiest day in american history. Three day battle of second manassas or second bull run, va begins. A captivating guide to an important battle of the american civil war history, captivating on. The battle of antietam, also known as the battle of sharpsburg, fought on september 17, 1862, near sharpsburg, maryland, was the first major battle in the american civil war to take place on northern soil. Battle of antietam eyewitness accounts antietam reports. The defenders bought time for lee to reassemble his dispersed army, setting the stage for the battle of antietam, fought three days later.
The battle forced lee to abandon his invasion plans and go on the defensive. Popes rearguard attacked in driving rainstorm, union army continues toward washington. Timeline leading to the war antebellum era bleeding kansas border states compromise of 1850 john. Battle of antietam eyewitness accounts civilians at antietam battlefield newspaper report civilian reports diary diaries letter letters photo photos military army casualty records total killed record. Battles of the civil war timeline timetoast timelines. Jul 16, 2010 battle of antietam powerpoint presentation 1. The union goal was to capture a plateau on which sat the dunker church. Lee began moving north into maryland with the goal of obtaining supplies and cutting the rail links to washington. Gettysburg was the bloodiest battle of the civil war, with more than 51,000 casualties, including 7,863 dead. The union called it the battle of antietam, and the confederacy referred to it as the battle of sharpsburg. The battle of antietam was the consequence of an effort by confederate commander robert e. Palmerston, learning of lees withdraw, writes russell, the whole matter is full of difficulty and can only be cleared up by some more decided events between the contending armies. Battlebox the battle of antietam known as the battle of sharpsburg in the south, fought on september 17, 1862, near sharpsburg, maryland, part of the maryland campaign, was the first major battle in the american civil war to take place on northern soil.
Ditch on the right wing, where kimballs brigade fought. Join historian garry adelman of the american battlefield trust as he discusses the fighting that occurred during battle of antietam, the single bloodiest day. The first major battle to take place in the north and the deadliest single day of battle in american history, begins with union major general george b. Rather, they would now be known as professional veterans. Site of dunker church battle, antietam 1862 the civil war was fought between 1861 and and was the bloodiest conflict in american history. The battle of antietam, in the bucolic maryland countryside, was the bloodiest day in american history. The thing about the battle of antietam was that it wasnt really a victory for either side.
General george mcclellan must defend washington as csa general robert e. Union forces under the command of general irvin mcdowell attempted to surprise the confederate troops. Test your knowledgethe maryland campaign was launched 150 years ago on sep 4, 1862robert e. There they took hundreds of photographs of the battles. The battle of antietam, photography, and the visualization.
It first examines the immediate background of the battle, and how the confederate and union forces set up for their confrontation at antietam creek. It is always mentioned as the bloodiest single day in the american history. Thursday, three day battle of second manassas or second bull run, va begins, csa gen. The battle of antietam was one of the bloodiest single day battles of the civil war. Battle of antietam, sharpsburg, maryland, national park and civil. The first battle of bull run was the first major land battle of the war. Just a couple of dandy articles that present both the confederate and union side about the battle leading into antietam. Battle of antietam civil war antietam battle casualties army. Battle of antietam civil war on the western border.
Battle of antietam the bloodiest single day of the civil war. For four straight years, union and confederate soldiers battled during the bloodiest war in american history. Genre simulation, strategytactics pacing turnbased perspective topdown gameplay wargame setting historical events, north america. The battle of antietam forced the confederate army to retreat back across the potomac river. Mcclellans army of the potomac, near sharpsburg, maryland and antietam creek. The southern victory series or timeline191 are fan names given to a series of eleven alternate history novels by author harry turtledove, beginning with how few remain 1997 and published over a decade. Battle of antietam sharpsburg timeline september 17th, 1862. It was between the united states the union or the north and several southern slave states that had declared their secession and formed the confederate states of america. Fought on september 17, 1862, antietam was the bloodiest singleday battle in american history with over. Battle of antietam sharpsburg timeline september 17th. Battle of antietam sharpsburg maryland, antietam killed wounded deaths casualties battle of antietam fatalities casualty order battlefield american civil war timeline map union confederate army cannon. Lincoln arrives at antietam battlefield to meet with mcclellan. Civil war battles antietam john tiller software lets look at.
The battle of antietam, also called the battle of sharpsburg, occurred on september 17, 1862, at antietam creek near sharpsburg, maryland. A timeline created with timetoasts interactive timeline maker. List of books and articles about battle of antietam online. Some of the leaders were irvin mcdowell and he was for the union and then joseph e. Evocative sidebars, detailed maps and battlefield maps, and timelines add to the referenceready quality of the text. Sep 16, 2012 that changed with the battle of antietam on september 17, 1862, an epic clash between union and confederate forces that saw nearly 25,000 men fall dead or wounded. The battle of antietam was an important battle in the american civil war. Delaware county district library ohio scanned in china.
It is known by both today, but antietam is the more common usage. Victorious at manassas in august, lees army of northern virginia hoped to garner new recruits and supplies in maryland, a slaveholding state that remained in the union. Timeline the civil war in america exhibitions library of congress. It was the first major battle in the civil war that happened in the northern states. Gettysburg, players will take command of the union or confederate forces during the battles of antietam and south mountain in september of 1862.
Lee concentrated his invading army outside sharpsburg, maryland. Battle of antietam, also called battle of sharpsburg, september 17, 1862, in the american civil war 186165, a decisive engagement that halted the confederate invasion of maryland, an advance that was regarded as one of the greatest confederate threats to washington, d. The battle of antietam this battle is also known as the battle of sharpsburg. During the battle, 38,000 confederate troops led by general robert e. Battle of antietam simple english wikipedia, the free. Early phases of civil war and antietam video khan academy. Antietam september 1862 sunrises through gun smoke in the cornfield at antietam, sharpsburg, md. Entries are listed below by dateofoccurrence ascending firsttolast. Here is an attempt from another campaign to play antietam on legendary. The focus of this website is on the people who participated in the battle of antietam or sharpsburg. Sep, 2019 on this day in 1862, at the battle of antietam, confederate general robert e. The battle begins with a union attack down the hagerstown turnpike led by general joseph hooker. Watch the action at the battle of antietam come to life with the civil war trusts all new animated map, featuring a compelling video presentation and interactive map of the battlefield.
This release includes 15 civil war scenarios from 1st and 2nd bull run through scenarios covering the brutal battle of antietam. Aftermath of the battle confederate wounded, after the battle of antietam, at smiths barn. The american civil war, also known as the war between the states, or the civil war, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865. In the days leading up to the battle of antietam, confederate general robert e. Other leading and trailing events are also included for perspective.
John tiller software civil war battles campaign antietam. The battle of antietam and federal progress in halting the confederate invasion of kentucky that culminated at perryville contributed in a dramatic fashion to altering the fundamental nature of the american civil war. The battle of antietam was one of the most important events of the american civil war. The confederates are savoring their victories in virginia during the seven days battles in june and the second battle of bull run in late august 1862. Dec 06, 2011 the battle of antietam was one of the bloodiest single day battles of the civil war.
The site of the battle of antietam between the union and confederacy in sharpsburg, maryland in september 1862. The battle of antietam was the bloodiest single day in american military history. That changed with the battle of antietam on september 17, 1862, an epic clash between union and confederate forces that saw nearly 25,000 men fall dead or wounded. Lees army of northern virginia and union general george b. The battle of antietam began at dawn on september 17 as the fog lifted. The battle influenced lincolns decisions to remove mcclellan and to deliver a preliminary emancipation proclamation. Lee and the northern forces were led by general george b. Taking place near sharpsburg, maryland on sept 17, 1862, it was also the first battle to occur on northern soil. It is also called the battle of sharpsburg by south historians. The american civil war started on april 12, 1861, and ended on may 9, 1865.
The battle took place antietam creek near sharpsburg, maryland. Battle of antietam is a grand tactical simulation of the bloodiest day of the civil war at the little town of sharpsburg, maryland along antietam creek. Title of the classmonth, day year battle of antietam introduction the battle of antietam also known as the battle of sharpsburg was fought on september 17th, 1862. The battle of antietam in september 1862 turned back the first major confederate invasion of the north in the civil war. Antietam september 17, 1862 on september 17, 1862, at antietam creek, maryland, over 23,000 union and confederate soldiers nine times the number who fell on the beaches of normandy were killed or wounded. The bloodiest single day during the civil war is 17 september 1862 during the battle of antietam. A captivating guide to an important battle of the american civil war. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. The battle of antietam was fought september 17, 1862, during the american civil war 18611865. George mcclellan, mounted a series of powerful assaults against gen. The battle of antietam was the single bloodiest day in american history, but what could have been a decisive union victory was instead merely a tactical draw, and lee successfully retreated across the potomac. Gordon and the battle of antietam, bloodiest day in history. The battle was fought on september 17, 1862, near sharpsburg, maryland.
Though the battle was just the first to be fought in the northern colonies, lincoln used the retreat of the southern forces at this battle as a. It was the first major battle in the civil war that took place in the border states. Confederate soldiers, as they fell inside the fence, on the hagerstown road, at the battle of antietam. Dunker church after the battle of antietam, september 17, 1862. Battle at fort sumter this battle started the civil war. Shows the placement and movement of troops during 3 phases of the battle. The battle of antietam official records and battle description. Known as the victory that allowed president lincoln to issue the emancipation proclamation. Many battles preceded and followed, but none would be so costly on both sides as antietam. Civil war the battle of antietam study guide by lmf612 includes 45 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Edmund kirby smiths army of kentucky invades kentucky. The casualties on september 17, 1862 amounted to 23,000 casualties antietam national cemetery 2. Aug 24, 2018 civil war battles antietam john tiller software lets look at this game scenarios, counters, maps. At the end of the battle there was around 23,000 casualties.
Mcclellan has been blamed for not pursuing lee with his superior forces. The casualties on september 17, 1862 amounted to 23,000 casualties antietam. And it gave president abraham lincoln enough of a military victory to go forward with the emancipation proclamation. Lee concentrating army of northern virginia anv at chantilly. Is the battle of antietam the bloodiest of the us civil. President abraham lincoln used the costly union victory as an opportunity to issue the preliminary emancipation proclamation. Both sides suffered unprecedented casualties, and the severe lack of infrastructure. It became not only a conflict to preserve the union but also a struggle to end the institution of negro slavery in america. The union forces, which outnumber the confederates nearly. It was the bloodiest singleday battle in american history, with about 23,000 casualties.
Antietam, the second major battle expansion for scourge of war. There they took hundreds of photographs of the battle s. Mcclellans army of the potomac fight to a standstill. Battle of antietam, a decisive engagement on september 17, 1862, in the american civil war that halted the confederate invasion of maryland.
Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. Lee has invaded the border state of maryland to bring the war north. Braxton bragg leads the army of the tennessee north from chattanooga, tn. The battle of antietam also known as the battle of sharpsburg, particularly in the southern. Hurd, fourteenth indiana volunteers, in attendance. The battle of antietam, photography, and the visualization of. Lees forces along antietam creek near sharpsburg, maryland, on. Civil war the battle of antietam flashcards quizlet. Apr 15, 2020 battle of antietam the research here examines an analysis of the battle of antietam utilizing primary sources as the main source of reference.
In the wake of his stunning victory at the second battle of manassas in late august 1862, general robert e. The battle of antietam known as the battle of sharpsburg, particularly in the south, fought on september 17, 1862, near sharpsburg, maryland, and antietam creek, as part of the maryland campaign, was the first major battle in the american civil war to take place on northern soil. John popes army of virginia defeated at second manassas, begins withdrawal toward washington, d. Sep 11, 2012 antietam national battlefield rangers describe how 23,000 soldiers were killed, wounded or missing after twelve hours of savage combat on september 17, 1862. It is also known as the battle of sharpsburg, especially in the south. You play as the confederate commander in the first 6 scenarios while switching to the union commander for the final 9 scenarios of the antietam campaign. Weve collected information about many of them over the years. The site of the battle of antietam between the union and confederacy in sharpsburg, maryland in september. It was also considered the bloodiest battle in the civil war. A very lengthy chapter taken from the antietam and fredericksburg by francis winthrop palfrey. This cataclysmic battle was the bloodiest day of fighting in american history, with a stunning number of casualties left in its wake.
The first bull run also known as the manassas was the first major battle of the american civil war and was won by the confederates. It was the bloodiest singleday battle in american history, with over 23,000 casualties, but also has unique significance as the. No more would citizen soldiers populate both armies. Home exhibition overview exhibition items public programs learn more timeline biographies acknowledgments. Centennial civil war discovery trail civil war roundtables civil war trails program civil war trust confederate. Home exhibition overview exhibition items public programs learn more timeline. Mcclellan attacking the confederate forces under general robert e. The battle of antietam was the most bloody singleday of battle in the american civil war.
This is the second paid release in the new touch civil war battles series. Mcclellan restored to command in virginia and around washington csa gen. There are a total of 17 battle of antietam sharpsburg timeline september 17th, 1862 events in the database. Lee, clashed with 75,000 union troops led by general george b. Battle of antietam, sharpsburg, maryland, national park. The battle of antietam was important because it stemmed the confederate armys advance into the northern territories, and provided an opportunity for lincoln to deliver the emancipation proclamation. Battle of antietam page battle maps, history articles, photos, and preservation news on this important 1862 civil war battle in maryland.511 1396 713 133 428 562 14 1384 172 606 1357 1212 1363 423 972 489 568 1016 1354 900 1167 1122 562 29 865 603 327 861 1316 240 792 330 321 103 35 86 1282 197