Pdf work breakdown structure wbs dictionary development for. The work breakdown structure is used for project control and management purposes such as planning, scheduling, reporting, cost control, etc. One project may include several phases, or also smaller subprojects. Even subprojects can be broken down into smaller bits. Construction planning and scheduling is one of the important tool in a construction project. It has become an important practice for improving the efficiency of construction operations around the world. A work breakdown structure wbs is a key project deliverable that organizes the teams work into manageable sections. From the time the first edition of the practice standard for work breakdown structures was being developed a little more than five years ago, there has been a vast expansion in rapid electronic access to information through the internet, cdroms. A work breakdown structure element may be a product, data, a service, or any combination. Application of the work breakdown structure in determining cost buffers in construction schedules. Introduction to critical path method scheduling using primavera p6. A key part of a good healthcare project plan is the work breakdown structure wbs. Download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets.
It also specifies the deliverables the customer will get. Wbs examples for a software project, construction projects, a conference, finding a job, selling a house. Introduction to critical path method scheduling using. Project professionals use a wbs to define project deliverables and establish the structure. Next, the piles will be driven for the east bank abutment, and the east bank abutment will be completed. Work breakdown structure industries building engineering.
What is a work breakdown structure wbs example included. Creating the work breakdown structure by kim colenso, managing principal, artemis management systems the work breakdown structure wbs is the foundation for project planning and control. The book is based on research, contemporary construction management and management literature, and the personal work experience of the author. Sep 23, 2010 understand and apply new concepts regarding work breakdown structures the work breakdown structure wbs has emerged as a foundational concept and tool in project management. This tutorial covers the basic principles of developing a work breakdown structure wbs. The work breakdown structure wbs is the foundation for project planning and control. Applying work breakdown structure to project lifecycle pmi. In so doing, you gain clarity into the details needed to accomplish every aspect of your project. Level 5 work packaging by work front physical breakdown. This applies to all fields, including project management. Work breakdown structures wbs are a guide for defining work as it relates to a specific projects objectives. Lets use the best management books wbs we looked at earlier. Most people do not truly understand a concept until they can visualize it.
This would be similar to scheduling the activities of home construction. Pdf the lower structure of a steel bridge is one of the essential elements of a whole steel bridge structure. The foundation for project management excellence kindle edition by norman, eric s. This access road will not be paved until pile driving is completed. With our free work breakdown structure template, youll be in total control of your project, every step of the way. A subsea field development project can be organized and comprehended in a visual manner by breaking the tasks into progressively smaller pieces until they are a collection of defined tasks, as shown in figure 69. Pdf work and resource breakdown structures for formalized. The fundamentals of construction management is an important book invaluable to those who require knowledge on managing the construction process. Successful projects require thorough planning on the part of the project manager to accomplish these tasks. Nov 26, 2019 a work breakdown structure is your map through more complicated projects. Project management work breakdown structure wbs tmr.
The wbs is a productoriented, hierarchical depiction of all work elements required to. This new book is essentially a facilitators guide for. Sep 12, 2008 understand and apply new concepts regarding work breakdown structures the work breakdown structure wbs has emerged as a foundational concept and tool in project management. Engineering, procurement and construction epc projects. Let me teach you how to plan a solid wbs for your construction project schedule. How to develop work breakdown structures michael d. The pd is to structure the project work into wbs elements work packages that are. See a large image and download a visio or pdf of the wbs. A fourstep guide to the work breakdown structure smart projex. At present, it is often referred to as a project management flowchart. Work breakdown structure an overview sciencedirect topics.
The best way to effectively manage projects is to help your team visualize the end result as well as the steps needed to achieve that result. Aug 23, 2019 thats why project leaders use a work breakdown structure wbs to literally break down the larger phases of the project into smaller and smaller tasks, which can then be scheduled and assigned. The foundation for project management excellence e. The project management body of knowledge pmbok defines the work breakdown structure as a deliverable oriented hierarchical decomposition of the work to be executed by the project team. Developing and elaborating effective work breakdown structures. The wbs for healthcare projects specifies the work assignment for every person working on the project. A wbs starts with a dynamic vision of the project, perhaps in the form of a drawing, diagram, or computer representation. Construction project wbs examples to get you started. Every construction project involve with a lot of activities which need to be planned and schedule properly to ensure the completion of the project. View entire store pmbok guide books online courses accessories pmi. A key part of a good construction project plan is the work breakdown structure wbs. Work breakdown structures for projects, programs, and. Work breakdown structure wbs development for underground.
Impact of various workbreakdown structures on project. Help your team visualize the right path to successbuilding a project work br. Pdf the work breakdown structure in software project management. In work breakdown structures for projects, selection from work breakdown structures for projects, programs, and enterprises book. Aug 01, 2008 most people do not truly understand a concept until they can visualize it. This creates better estimates with more effective collaboration with project management. Ill take you through real construction wbs examples that can you use to get started. This ebook is essential a facilators guide for planning a project based on the. The scope of work in each work package should be defined to avoid overlaps and omissions between work packages. Practice standard for work breakdown structures 2006. The work breakdown structure in software project management article pdf available in journal of systems and software. Work breakdown structure codes and standards analysis pipe system wet standpipe piping and valves switchgear design baseline report valve system distribution valves, piping and nozzles generator.
Then, the midstream piles will be driven from the east bank. Stages of project design and associated estimates, the development of a work breakdown structure, direct and indirect project costs, overhead, contingency, profit, and other owner costs are addressed as they relate to responsible cost estimating. Work breakdown structure relativistic heavy ion collider. Figure 1 shows a wbs construction technique that demonstrates the 100% rule. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading work breakdown structures. Analysing your stakeholders is crucial to the success of your business or project. A work breakdown structure element may be a product, data, service, or any combination thereof. Practice standard for work breakdown structures kindle edition by project management institute. The wbs construction projects specifies the work assignment for every crew member, subcontractor, architect, and outside consulting engineer working on the project. Standard pm wbs template for non infrastructure projects.
Pdf the construction works of flyover is common in a developing country as well as developed country all over the world. It also specifies the deliverables the customer or sponsor will get. The work breakdown structure wbs divides the entire project into its component. The importance of the wbs experienced project managers know there are many things that can go wrong in projects. Appendix b work breakdown structure wbs b2 february 2015 one of the first tasks that must be performed by the cost estimator when developing a new cost estimate is to either obtain or develop the wbs step 2 in nasa s 12 step cost estimating process. Work breakdown structure wbs is a method of breaking down a project into a hierarchy with the tasks broken down into several levels. The traces wbs provides a common trisefvice framework for preparing cost estimates, modeling development, and collecting historical data for all conventional military construction program mcp projects. The methodology for a formalized project management system includes development of a resource breakdown structure and a work breakdown structure before developing an estimate and a schedule for. Resources are identified for each item within the wbs that facilitates budgeting as well as assignment of responsibilities. A work breakdown structure wbs can prove to be pivotal to successful project management planning. The work breakdown structure provides a common framework for the natural development of the overall planning and control of a contract and is the basis for dividing work into definable increments from which the statement of work can be developed and technical, schedule, cost, and labor hour reporting can be established a work breakdown structure permits summing of subordinate costs for tasks. A work breakdown structure is a deliverableoriented hierarchical. Pdf development of work breakdown structure wbs dictionary. A work breakdown structure wbs is a fundamental project management technique for defining and organizing the total scope of a project, using a hierarchical tree structure.
The work breakdown structure presented here represents all the work required to. The result provides the wbs dictionary that specifies the construction works of lower. Aouad3 1 school of the built environment, heriot watt university, uk. At last the first comprehensive and practical guide to the work breakdown structure wbs in 45 years. Book 2 section 02 exhibit a work breakdown structure. Carried out in poland based on red book fidic contractual conditions. Work will start with the construction of the access road to the east bank pier. We demonstrate how an accurate model of the construction work flow, if created at the pre construction stage, can be used to extract measurable information. It is an enabler that ensures clear definition and communication of project scope while performing a critical role as a monitoring and controlling tool.
The following discussion will examine the current trends and practice regarding work breakdown structures. In your project you will want to develop them down to a much more detailed level using the 8 to 80 rule where the wbs is broken down to where a work package contains between 8 and 80 hours of work to complete. Pdf the paper presents methods of determining the location of cost buffers. The approved timephased plan for a project, a work breakdown structure component, work package, or schedule activity, plus or minus approved project scope, cost, schedule, and technical changes. Every construction project involve with a lot of activities which. A work breakdown structure is your map through more complicated projects. It is applicable to all projects among all industries. In parts of chapter 3 of the pmbok guidethird edition, there is. The term construction includes remedial action environmental projects, dredging and other construction type work often implemented as service contracts.
The pmbok guidethird edition defines a deliverable as. Construction project work breakdown structure examples. Defining project objectives and delegating work to team members are among a project managers biggest tasks. A wbs is not a todo list consisting of everything that needs to be done on the project. This discusses the work breakdown structure dictionary clarifies the concept and analyzes a work breakdown structure example for construction. The objective of this module is to introduce you to work.
Work package a deliverable at the lowest level of the work breakdown structure. Work packages should be defined in terms of design, construction methods, and completion requirements, with associated performance dates. A work breakdown structure wbs, in project management and systems engineering, is a deliverable oriented decomposition of a project into smaller components. Work breakdown structure rev e, june 2003 work breakdown structure a project work breakdown structure wbs is a deliverable or product oriented grouping of project work elements shown in graph ical display to organize and subdivide the total work scope of a project. Doe office of management, budget and evaluation work breakdown structure project management practices guide, revision e dated june 2003. A wbs also provides the necessary framework for detailed cost estimating and control along with providing guidance for schedule development and control. Practice standard for work breakdown structures third. A work breakdown structure wbs in project management is a tool used to define and group a projects discrete work elements or tasks in a way that helps organize and define the total. Cm tasks as well as operation data management for construction work processes. The work breakdown structure wbs serves as a guide for defining work as it relates to a specific projects objectives. This zip file contains the white paper the work breakdown structure.
The work breakdown structure wbs has long served as a valuable tool in. Applying the work breakdown structure to the project management lifecycle. Work breakdown structure the work breakdown structure is a tree structure, which shows a subdivision of effort required to achieve an objective of a project. It addresses all phases of construction cost estimating from planning phases through modification estimates during construction. I dont want to rehash what a work breakdown structure is and why we need one for your construction project schedule. It is a product oriented structure, not an organizational structure. In reality, wbs is a simple and easy visual breakdown of deliverables for product, result, or service. For a project to be properly managed, there is a need to generate its work breakdown structure wbs, and to define work packages so that they can be correctly assigned to organizational units. The wbs may be considered the taxonomy of a project. The purpose of a wbs is to help the project manager in managing the project, with its accounting aspects aimed at aiding the project manager in applying earned value measures of. Many people have mistaken wbs as a list of tasks, a schedule or an organization chart. By kim colenso, managing principal, artemis management systems.
Applying the work breakdown structure to the project. This new practical handbook teaches you how to employ the work breakdown structure wbs in government contracting to ensure that your contracts stay on track, on budget, and meet your objectives. The wbs is critical because it is the primary source for development of a cbs. Automated cost engineering system traces work breakdown structure wbs. Practice standard for work breakdown structures third edition. Construction project management is a relatively young field. To develop and maintain a wbs, you must have a clear understanding of the projects. The work breakdown structure wbs has emerged as a foundational concept and tool in project management. Generally refers to the current baseline, but may refer to the original or some other baseline. A plan, broken down by work breakdown structure wbs level 2 group elements, to be used as a guide for designing within the construction budget. Guidelines for construction cost estimating for dam. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading practice standard for work breakdown structures. Work breakdown structures a work breakdown structure is a deliverableoriented hierarchical decomposition of the work to be executed by the project team to accomplish the project objectives and create the required deliverables. The basic concept and use of the work breakdown structure wbs are fundamental in project management.
You can edit this work breakdown structure using creately diagramming tool and include in your reportpresentationwebsite. The work breakdown structure in government contracting. Steps for developing a work breakdown structure your business. Mar 25, 2016 a key part of a good construction project plan is the work breakdown structure wbs. The work breakdown structure wbs is a graphic family tree that captures all of the work of a project in an organized way. The work breakdown structure in government contracting books. There are few published studies about the methodologies or tools to develop the appropriate wbs for a project, and those that are available are limited to the specific areas of construction such as apartmentbuilding construction and boiler manufacturing. Generate the work breakdown structure w bs to produce a complete list of. Pdf application of the work breakdown structure in determining. Process plant construction work breakdown structure wbs example. Therefore the study on construction planning and scheduling must be conduct to. This glossary applies only to the terms used in the ska project execution plan phase 1 work breakdown structure and statement of work mgt001. The work breakdown structure wbs is a tool that defines a project and groups the. Construction scheduling manual, 20 page 3 work package a deliverable at the lowest level of the work breakdown structure.
This book offers vital new perspectives on how to apply the wbs to todays different types of projects that produce products, services or results. A brief synopsis, a process plant construction work breakdown structure in both word and excel, and a pdf appendix of the process plant construction work breakdown structure wbs example. In this chapter the initial construction of the work. It is the connecting point for work and cost estimates, schedule information, actual work effortcost expenditures, and accountability.383 394 1112 1091 430 821 1254 652 906 299 1250 102 1180 1439 918 900 766 1462 955 435 442 1242 1541 1289 211 797 1037 1281 608 883 499 242 1343 263 1487 1458